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Executive Summary

This study is based on the personal development plan of me in order to enhance the overall leadership styles and business operation approaches. Ion the initial part a critical discussion has been illustrated about the leadership and management style of me in order to secure the future goals and career development. Through the effective “Democratic Leadership Style”, I have been able to enhance my plans and increase able to achieve career goals in future. On the other hand, through the application of SMART objectives I have been able to enhance my interpersonal skills in order to achieve the highlight paid job in future as well. 

Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. Evaluating the contemporary management theory and philosophical understanding to recognise the best leadership and management practices
3. Critical analysis of individual’s leadership style and its future growth
4. Assessing personal learning plan with SMART approach, and own future career aspirations as a leader
5. Conclusion

List of Figures
Figure 1: Democratic management styles
Figure 2: Advantages of Democratic management styles
Figure 3: Disadvantages of Democratic management styles
Figure 4: Contingency management theory
Figure 5: Stages of Kolb reflective model (1984)
Figure 6: Laissez-Faire management style

List of Tables
Table 1: Schön reflective model
Table 2: Kolb’s reflective cycle
Table 3: Personal Development and learning Plan
Table 4: SMART Objectives
Table 5: Summary of PDP style

1. Introduction 

This study is based on a personal development assessment, which consists of the contemporary management process of self-development. Contemporary business development is one of the most effective elements for any individual for its career development and future security. On the other hand, through the contemporary development of any individual it further enhances the leadership approaches as well. In this study, several contemporary theoretical factors have been discussed in order to enhance the interpersonal skills and creative thinking skills for the future career development. Finally various types of SMART objectives have been illustrated which helps to achieve strategic vision and future goals as well. 

2. Evaluating the contemporary management theory and philosophical understanding to recognise the best leadership and management practices

The various types of business leaders and contemporary management styles create a unique presence for increasing the success rates of this organisation. In addition to this, the selected management styles can be justified with management theory as well (Agusta & Nurdin, 2021). As per my, I have mentioned democratic management styles that I have encompasses in the organisation to gather maximum profit, increase consumer satisfaction within limited resources and time. In addition to this, I have also faced various advantages and disadvantages while implementing democratic management styles, which can be improved by taking, manage mental measurements. 

Advantages of Democratic Management (DM) style 

Emphasis on decision-making purposes: The democratic management style or the participative or shared management style are defined as management styles where team members can also get mandatory opportunity to take part in the decision making action. The opinions are brought forward in the team meetings as every member in the team can speak from their mind, state their problem and the silent team members are also asked to opine their view or perspective as well (Craig, 2021). 

Encourage creativity and strengthen the team relationship: Democratic management styles encourage the team members to take part in the higher decision making purposes, thus it helps to increase the team building, strengthen team relationships. I have seen it in a way organisations also increase their profitability by gaining back-and-forth reviews or feedback from team members (Jiang, Liu and Zhang, 2020).

Creates easy solutions for critical problems: This type of management style is where anyone can practise it; this style is focuses on creative resources and finding innovative solutions for effective decision-making purposes. 

Make honesty a top priority and improve the relevant knowledge: DM styles make the leaders present the ‘real’ problem of the organisation’s operation and hence get a real solution. This management has no hidden problem, hypothetical and “what if” in the team meeting (Jiang, Liu and Zhang, 2020). In this case, honest issues were discussed among team members and it increased their engagement with this organisation. Team members, as they participate in decision-making or pieces, they also share their knowledge and experience despite being from different cultures. This makes team members and me a good management chance to get various pieces of knowledge, learn the culture and increase the scope and benefit of an organisation.

  • Advantages of Democratic management styles
  • Creates easy solution for critical problem
  • Encourage creativity and strengthen the team relationship
  • Make honesty a top priority and improve the relevant knowledge
  • Increase job satisfaction among employees
  • Provide a big picture for career growth

Increase job satisfaction among employees and provide a big picture for career growth: Team members being a part of the decision-making process, increases personal satisfaction ((Jiang, Liu and Zhang, 2020). Hence, team members also foster their passion, increasing work productivity in both qualitative and quantitative ways (Jiang, Liu and Zhang, 2020). 

Schön model (1991)

The experiences, which I have learned through democratic management styles, can be incorporated with the Schön model (1991) of reflection.

Aspects of the model


Knowing in action

Democratic management styles are based on participative, shared, open-book and participative decision-making. 

Reflection in action

The DM styles can increase the engagement of the employees, creating opportunities as well. I can also gain a wide range of ideas from different cultured and educated people, which can increase the potential to gain various ideas and credibility among employees (Manenzhe & Ngirande, 2021). This can also increase employee satisfaction and work productivity rates. 

Although I need to work to gather some effective solution for the betterment of the organisation, decrease the disharmony as well (Liu, Muhammad & Zaman, 2021). In addition to this, I also need to set a boundary of the employee providing solutions and create effective guidelines for management and employees, to maintain the management ability and to decrease the work procrastination. 

Disadvantages of DM (Democratic management) style 

Creates disharmony and increases procrastination: The DM style creates disharmony as it contains various employees’ voices. For instance, for providing a genuine solution, sometimes this management style can create vague and inefficient solutions that create disharmony, decreased work productivity and create internal conflicts as well (Nesiba & Cuhlova, 2021). In addition to this, I have also seen that this management style increases procrastination instead as this depends on the ideas of employees rather than the management.

  • Disadvantages of DM (Democratic management) style 
  • Creates disharmony
  • increases procrastination
  • Question the capability of managers
  • Delays to reach consensus
  • Creates uncertainty
Creates uncertainty and delays work: The larger teams have a tendency to delay decision-making process as it delays the work-level also (Agarwal & Gupta, 2021). This occurs, as every member wants to provide the best suitable idea or solution. In this aspect, this creates more uncertainty in the organisation’s operation and delays the overall work progress. Question the capability of managers: This DM styles also question the ability of the management and the role of the managers as well. Many solutions also hamper the progress to gain real solutions and create decreasing rates of positive outcomes (Jiang, Liu and Zhang, 2020). This DM style often makes the managers feel compensated more than the team members, which also derives the managers to focus on organisational operations. Improvement of democratic management styles Contingency management theory The contingency management theory is best suitable and possible to manage the operation of an organisation by concerning their internal and external factors. This theory consists of three variables, which are the organisation’s size, implementation of technology and styles of management. This theory having no specific techniques and rules increases the flexibility to adapt measurement as per the changing market phenomena and maintaining the consumers’ feedback as well (Agusta & Nurdin, 2021).

The theory also prefers Least Preferred Coworker (LPC) to rate the management styles, hence it can increase the ability and work productivity level of the management, by reviewing the feedback from the employee and other staff members (Figure 4). In addition to this, this management style provides various realistic views of the organisation and management as well. Contingency theory discards the principles of universal validity as it encourages the significance of both the manager’s personality and the manager’s operation in an exact situation (Bedoya, 2021). The issues and the disadvantages of the democratic management theory can be

decreased as management can create framework and management styles based on the situation, not based on traditional and stereotypical phenomena (Craig, 2021). In addition to this, this theory can provide management to focus on innovating and more creative ideas and solutions or help to facilitate creative management styles to stay ahead in the competitive market and gain profitability as well as consumer satisfaction. 

3. Critical analysis of individual’s leadership style and its future growth 

There are several leadership styles that various organisations can gain advantages through implementing. In this regard, I have encompasses the transactional leadership model, which has helped to gain various advantages for the firm and me as well. 

The positive aspect of the Transactional leadership style

Increase clarity: Transactional leadership can facilitate more clearly and transparent leadership practice. In this aspect, the employees can gain the vast advantages of being a part of an organisation, as they can understand their specific goals and knowledge as well. In addition to this, it creates motivational factors among the employees as they can find hardly any hidden goals or issues in the business operation. Additionally, this leadership style decreases the waiting times and increases the solution finding and discussion to increase the level of clarity. 

Provides punishment and reward as an incentive: This leadership style is based on the reward and punishment method. It works as a motivation and incentive factor among the employees. For instance, a leader being this rational can help the employee to understand the way to get the promotion and incentive and the way to get punishment or work delays or get fired from an organisation. In this way, employees also get motivated and increase their work productivity as well. In addition to this, transformational leadership focuses on the result and not the relationship. For example, an employee who has a good relationship with the higher authorities has nothing to do with their work quality, which is he or she can get demoted or get fired from this organisation for creating a poor quality job or disobeying the rules of an organisation (Cui, Lim & Song, 2022).

Employee motivation: The transactional style is focused on the incentive, reward and other benefits as motivational factors to the employees. In this case, these aspects can increase the work quality, where employees can facilitate the best work results as per their potential. Simultaneously this also creates a factor in gaining more efficient and suitable employees as they can see that the organisation values their talent and work as well. 

Increasing the rate to achieve the goal: This leadership model also can be implemented quickly as this creates less interpretation of instruction. This leadership also encourages ambiguous relations and laws as employees and higher authorities and leaders can obtain be more aware of their work role. In addition to this, as it gives excellent credibility to the hardworking and talented people, employees get more motivated to get their work done as per their potential. In addition to this, organisations also increase their profitability and gain competitive advantages as well. 

Encourages cost-effectiveness and productivity: This leadership style encourages the “lean and means” as it follows the rules of improvements in the rate of production while implementing cost-saving measures. This leadership also eliminates the confusion in the hierarchy of command, as every employee knows how to fulfil the expectation of the organisation (Dahl, Rundmo & Olsen, 2022). Hence, successfully reaching goals creates wide internal rewards, increased the level of confidence and higher incentives help the organisation to facilitate this progress again. 

Kolb reflective model (1984)

The experience which I have gain through transactional leadership can be incorporated into the Kolb reflective model (1984) (Jiang et al. 2020).

The aspect of the model

Elements’ styles


Concrete Experience


This stage consists of observing the leadership styles. I have faced various opportunities in transactional leadership. This has given me to focus on increasing work productivity level and employee satisfaction rate as well (Kankaew, 2020).

Reflective observation


This stage consists of reviewing and reflecting on various experiences, which I have gained from transactional leadership. This style has provided me to encourage employee satisfaction by crediting their talent and focusing on cost-effective and creative solutions as well (Kariuki, 2021). In this aspect, I need to focus on harnessing the employee’s talent and need gain communication skills to provide more clarification and provide employees more motivation. 

Abstract Conceptualisation


This stage consists of concluding the overall experiences. In this aspect, I have noticed various challenges for instance unyielding leadership, lack of creativity, employees’ accountability, and increased insensitivity (Blanchard & Broadwell, 2018). In this aspect, I need to overcome these issues from this leadership by facilitating effective strategies. 

Active experimental


This stage consists of planning and evaluating the solution which I have noticed the challenges. In this aspect, to decrease the misconception, I need to increase group activity, risk mitigation strategies and motivational strategies for the employees as well. 

Negative aspects of the transactional leadership model

Unyielding leadership and Lack of creativity: This leadership can decrease the rates of individual creativity and is more concerned about group achievement. Therefore, it discourages an individual’s creativity and talent. This leadership gathers the leadership responsibility in the hand of team leaders and expects team members to be followers. This also creates a demotivational aspect among the employees and unyielding the authenticity of leadership. 

Employees’ accountability and increased insensitivity: Transactional leadership is more about cumulative success, which creates more demotivating factors among the employees. In addition to this, the employee also motivates the phenomena from the attractiveness of salary packages, incentives, healthcare benefits and so on (Human & Pitsoe, 2019). This states as this employee can go to other organisations, where they can get the same or more salary packages as they have lacked the knowledge of organisational goals. 

Area for improvement

The issues among transactional leadership can be diminished by the “Laissez-Faire management style”. This style builds an attitude of providing employees with a more relaxed and flexible working culture, recognising creativity and accountability as well. This style is also increase employee retention style and increases the motivation for the employee as well.

4. Assessing personal learning plan with SMART approach, and own future career aspirations as a leader

“Personal Development Plan”

In this segment personal learning and SMART objectives have been illustrated which helps to enhance the navigation of leadership approaches and future career plans as well. A personal development strategy helps any individual to enhance its professional skills in order to handle any management qualities (Amrhein et al. 2022). Through the strategic planning and personal development, planning any person is further able to achieve its future goals with success. Apart from this, a key benefit of PDP is that it enhances the time management skills of any individual to meet all the deadlines in its workplace. In this part, initially a “Personal Development Plan” has been illustrated in order to evaluate my personal skills and leadership strategies, which helps me to achieve career goals (Chin et al. 2017). 

Future Goals for Achievement

Cause of achieving the Future goals

Key benefits of those goals

Key Issues might arise to achieve those goals

Improvement Strategies to achieve those goals

Resources required in order to achieve those goals

Overall timeline in order to achieve goals



Development of Creative Thinking Skills

Through the development of creative thinking skills, I have been able to handle critical tasks and effective decisions in order to maintain sustainability (Chen & Gan, 2021).

A creative thinking skill increases my knowledge and boosts my confidence to face any types of critical tasks in any workplace. Furthermore, Creative thinking skills also embrace the “Democratic management style” to increase productivity in any workplace.

In order to enhance my creative thinking skills I have faced lack of adaptability and disruption of time management for innovative thinking. 

Creative thinking processes can be improved through handling critical tasks for any organisation and taking effective decisions for any organisation in future. 

Effective practices and online classes required for the better development of creative thinking skills in future (Cordell, 2019). I have to apply my creative thinking skills in different companies in future to analyse its implication. 

In order to enhance my creative thinking skills it requires at least 5 months for me. 

Through the utilisation of creative thinking skills, I have been able to provide effective and innovative decisions for any organisation to boost its economic growth. 

Communication Skills 

Through the development of communication skills, I have been able to handle both clients and workers simultaneously for any organisation (De Jezus et al. 2021). 

Through effective communication, I have been able to teach workers and their job role and maintain an effective productivity growth for any organisation. 

In order to embrace my communication skills I have been suffering from language gaps and time management issues, which also affected my problem solving skills as well. 

Further improvement of communication skills has been achieved through the effective practices of communication strategies in any workplace while handling a group of workers. 

I need to read more journals and articles with different languages to enhance the diversity of language in order to communicate with workers in future.   

Communication skills might be enhanced between 3 to 4 months. 

One of the key benefits of communication skills is that it enhances my confidence and further helps to imply the job roles to the workers in a workplace to maintain a healthy productivity flow. 

Time management and Technical Adaptability skills 

Technological adaptability increases my efficiency and problem solving ability to handle a critical task. On the other hand, time management skills help to maintain the satisfaction of the clients for any business development company. 

Through the implementation of time management skills it helps the workers to meet, each deadline for their allocated tasks and it directly influences the overall workflow as well. On the other hand, technological adaptability embraces my problem solving skills to complete any critical task within a deadline.

Due to the lack of problem solving skills, it provides me constraints to adopt technical skills and utilise them to job handling.

Time management skills will be enhanced through the maintenance of short deadlines for any task and creating subtasks in order to handle a critical or enormous job. 

Time management skills will be enhanced through the help of online tutorials to enhance the time management skills (Hartabelet al. 2021). Moreover, through the development of adaptability technical skills have been enhanced in future.

I need at least 4 to 5 months in order to embrace of these both time management and technical skills. 

Both of these skills are effective for the enhancement of efficiency and handle critical tasks for any organisation. 

Workplace Integrity Skills 

Workplace integrity increases productivity and worker’s efficiency for any organisation. It also helps me to enhance my ability to wo0rk in a diverse cultured workplace in any organisation.  

Through the development of workplace integrity skills, I have been able to increase the workflow of any organisation and maintain a sustainable economic growth in future. 

In order to embrace workplace integrity skills various key issues might arise such as communication gap, lack of transparency, and inequality among workers. 

Improvement of workplace integrity has been enhanced through the development of “Transactional leadership style” in future (Imafuku et al. 2021). 

I have to increase the practise of my workplace collaboration skills in any organisation among the workers in order to enhance their productivity and workload in future. 

I need at least 2 to 3 months for the development of workplace collaboration skills. 

Through the enhancement of workplace collaboration capability, I have been able to handle a working group and it further developed my leadership approaches as well.

In this table my “Personal Development Plan” has been illustrated which further provides personal goals for the future progress. Key management skills and interpersonal skills have been illustrated in this table, which I have to achieve for the future progress and career security. In order to increase the leadership development I have to achieve all of those future goals and future vision. 

SMART Objectives for Career Development

In this segment, a SMART objective has been illustrated in order to achieve my future goals and its key process for the achievement. Moreover SMART objective further illustrated in five distinct points, which describes my skills and future goals as well. 







Professional Skills 

Professional skills required for my professional life in future. Through the development of professional skills, it helps me to achieve a highly paid job in future and maintain a healthy work life balance.

Professional skills have been measured through the practice in any workplace and job handling techniques(Lara-Bercial & McKenna, 2021). 

Through the help of my trainee manager and professors, I have been able to attain these attainable skills in future. 

As this professional skills helps to enhance the leadership capabilities it is very important for the achievement of career goals as well. 

In order to enhance my professional skills it required at least 2 to 5 months after practising in any workplace (Loosemore et al. 2021). 

Interpersonal Skills

Interpersonal skills are very effective for personal motivation and managing any critical tasks for any organisation in future. 

Interpersonal skills might be measured through the job handling strategies and leadership approaches to handle a group of workers for any organisation
(Wen et al. 2022). 

Interpersonal skills have been enhanced through the help to trainee managers and taking the help from online tutorials for any individual candidate. 

In order to handle critical and innovative challenges in any workplace, interpersonal skills are very much required as it develops the professional skills as well. 

Interpersonal skills might be enhanced between 2 to 3 months after joining in any organisation. 

Technical Skills 

Technical skills are required for the enhancement of time management and overall productivity increment of any organisation for the future sustainability. 

Technical skills have been measured through the help of technological adaptation in the workplace. Through the technological adaptation in the workplace, I have been able to enhance my technical skills and maintain economic growth. 

Technical skills can be attained through the online tutorials and reading different books related to technical knowledge (Mathews et al. 2021). 

Through the application of technical skills, it further enhances the problem solving and effective decision-making power for me in order to enhance my work pressure handling capability as well. 

Technical skills have been achieved in 3 to 5 months of internship. 

Workplace Collaborative Skills

Workplace collaboration is another effective strategy to enhance the leadership approaches and increase the sustainability in any organisation. 

Workplace collaboration power can be measured through critical evaluation of daily workflow and productivity of any organisation and the overall performance quality included in this factor as well. 

A workplace collaboration capability has been enhanced through the development of communication skills and handling a group of workers in any organisation. 

A workplace collaboration skill enhances the overall productivity and innovative solution for the critical challenges of an organisation in future (Silva Munar et al. 2020). 

It requires 3 months at least to achieve this collaboration capability. 

This table 4 illustrates the overall SMART objectives, which have to be achieved in future for career development and security. In this table, 4 distinct skills have been illustrated, which have to achieve in future for an effective leadership strategy and maintain a sustainable growth in any organisation (Mujčinović et al. 2021).

Summary of PDP



Time frame


Time management, Creative Thinking

Proper development of leadership skills and discipline for the achievement of time management skills is required (Owen et al. 2020). 

At least 3 to 5 months

I have been able to meet all the deadlines for any task through effective time management skills. 

Effective Communication

Online Tutorials and helps of my professors and trainee managers

At least 2 to 4 months

Communication skills increase collaboration among the workers of any organisational workplace and impact on productivity as well (Roblek et al. 2020). 

Technical skills

Technical skills might be enhanced through the development of technical knowledge obtained from the journals and books. 

At least 3 to 6 months

Technical skills increase problem solving and effective decision-making capability of me to handle any crucial work pressure for this organisation. 

Table 5 highlights the overall summary of Personal development plan, which also focused on four distinct skills for career development. “Time Management Skills, Effective Communication Skills, Creative Thinking Skills, and Technical Skills” has been included in this table, which have to be achieved for the future development (Roche et al. 2020). 

5. Conclusion

This study covers the overall personal development plan in order to secure the plans and career goals. Initially my “Democratic management style” has been illustrated in this study, which is effective for the achievement of career goals. Therefore, “Transactional leadership style” has been illustrated in this study in order to achieve a highly paid job in future. Apart from that, “contingency management theory” has also been illustrated in this study in order to highlight the key requirements to achieve success in future. Finally, a SMART objective has been highlights in the final part of this study in order to conclude. 


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